The question is not ‘is AI good or bad?’ but ‘how will we use it?’
Behind (or beyond) the headlines proclaiming that AI will save the world or destroy our jobs, there lie significant questions about how, where, and why society will make use of AI technologies. These questions are not about whether the technology itself is inherently productive or destructive, but about how society will choose to use it, and how the benefits of its use can be shared across society.
In healthcare, machine learning offers the prospect of improved diagnostic tools, new approaches to healthcare delivery, and new treatments based on personalised medicine. In transport, machine learning can support the development of autonomous driving systems, as well as enabling intelligent traffic management, and improving safety on the roads. And socially-assistive robotics technologies are being developed to provide assistance that can improve quality of life for their users. Teams in the AI Xprize competition are developing applications across these areas, and more, including education, drug-discovery, and scientific research.
Fonte: Machine learning and AI for social good: views from NIPS 2017 | In Verba | Royal Society