GeoPrice, Geoblocking

A recente decisão do DPDC – Departamento de Proteção e Defesa do Consumidor da Secretaria Nacional de Relações de Consumo do Ministério da Justiça, que multou a empresa Decolar em sete milhões e meio de reais, chamou a atenção para a questão da discriminação de consumidores pelo critério geográfico, seja para efeitos da diferenciação dos preços de acomodações (geo pricing), seja para efeitos da negativa de oferta de vagas (geo blocking)¹.

Pague e leve,

A decisão foi proferida diante de representação apresentada pela empresa concorrente Booking, segundo a qual consumidores situados em São Paulo eram ofertados com valores de hospedagem até 29\% superiores àqueles ofertados no mesmo momento para consumidores situados em Buenos Aires. A Booking também demonstrou que vinha recebendo emails de hotéis solicitando uma prática de preços mais altos em relação aos consumidores brasileiros, a exemplo da Decolar. Em documentos juntados posteriormente, a representante mostrou haver diferenças de preços de mais de 80\% para consumidores brasileiros em comparação com estrangeiros, bem como falta de vagas para brasileiros, com recusas frequentes e injustificadas.

Introducing Smart Cities: A Transdisciplinary Journal on the Science and Technology of Smart Cities

The Scope of Smart Cities includes the following:

  • Electrical engineering for smart cities: smart grids, smart buildings, smart homes, smart lighting, renewable energies, power electronic for smart cities, energy market, and blockchain.
  • Computer engineering and information technology engineering for smart cities and smart enterprises: ICT infrastructure and information management in smart cities; IoT architectures, protocols, and algorithms; IoT device technologies, IoT network technologies; cloud computing; autonomic computing; data management; intelligent data processing and big data management for smart cities; real-time and semantic web services; context-aware systems for smart cities; and Industry 4.0.
  • Cyber-physical systems for smart cities.
  • Virtual reality for smart cities.
  • Smart hospitals and health informatics for smart cities: smart health, e-health, digital health, telehealth, and telemedicine.
  • Transport and mobility: intelligent transportation systems and vehicular networks, smart mobility, electric mobility, smart parking, traffic congestion, city logistics, and people mobility.
  • Measurements engineering for smart cities: networks and communications, advances in smart grid sensing, sensor interface and synchronization in smart grids, multi-sensor data fusion models for smart grids and smart cities, traceability and calibration of distributed sensing grids, distributed and networked sensors for smart cities, wireless sensor networks, embedded sensing and actuating, radio frequency identification (RFID), mobile internet, and ubiquitous sensing.
  • Civil engineering for smart cities: smart city architecture and infrastructure, environmental engineering for smart cities, smart water management, sustainable districts and urban development, waste management for smart cities, smart agriculture, and green houses.
  • Weather analysis, forecasting, reporting, and flood management for smart cities.
  • Mechanical sciences and automobile engineering for smart cities.
  • Applied science and humanities for smart cities.
  • Retail for smart cities: supply chain control, NFC Payment, intelligent shopping applications, smart product management, etc.
  • Security, privacy, and emergencies in smart cities, cryptography, and identity management.
  • Smart Living: pollution control, public safety, welfare and social innovation, culture, and public spaces.
  • Smart urban governance and e-government for smart cities.
  • Business and social issues for smart cities: smart economy and business model innovation in smart cities, marketing strategies for firms offering new services in smart cities, and green and blue economy.
  • Experimentation and deployments: real solutions, system design, modelling and evaluation for smart cities, pilot deployments, and performance evaluation.
  • Trends and challenges in smart cities.
  • BigData; data storage, data analysis, governance, and visualization.
  • Smart sensors, design, use, and data transmission.
  • Social sciences such as smart governance, economic model, innovation social acceptability, law, and privacy.
  • E-governance, on-line smart services.
  • Smart maintenance.

From http://www.mdpi.com/2624-6511/1/1/1/htm